Roseburia is a genus of butyrate-producing, Gram-positive anaerobic bacteria that inhabit the human colon. Named in honor of Theodor Rosebury, they are members of the phylum firmicutes. Increased abundance of Roseburia is associated with weight loss and reduced glucose intolerance. (source)

• Abundance associated with higher bacterial gene richness in the gut • Less abundant in individuals with IBS, particularly constipation-predominant IBS • Counts lower in type 2 diabetics; trending inversely with plasma glucose • Lower in IBD and early-onset rheumatoid arthritis (as part of decreased E. rectale-C. coccoides group) (source)

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